How one can state simply the function of science and technology is somewhat a challenge as the possibilities are infinite. In every function, in every industry, in every job, science and technology has an aspect of involvement. Whilst science is a systematic enterprise which pursues and organises knowledge into testable explanations, technology creates products that solve problems and solve human life. Science and technology jobs are normally located in labs or factory, depending on the product. Science and technology is closely linked with research and development and its function is to research the needs of the consumers, and through a long process of testing and retesting come up with a safe, economic, and effective product or process which builds on the brand’s reputation.
Some examples of jobs in science and technology are engineers (all types from electrical engineers to civil engineers), data analysts, research assistants, lab technicians, chemists, quality assurance officers, game designers, and sales representatives to mention a few. Science, technology, engineering and mathematics have many overlaps and at a college level are referred to as “STEM” subjects. These subjects may include chemistry, computer and IT science, engineering, geosciences, mathematical sciences, and social sciences such as anthropology, economics, psychology and sociology.
The job of someone in science and technology on a day to day basis will vary greatly depending on their field. For example, a food scientist may be testing products in order to develop just the right taste or an electronic engineer may be designing a toaster, and will test and retest through scientific methods until the product is just right.
Myanmar is going through an abundance of changes, especially from economical and social perspectives, and the need for science and technology assisting to propel these changes is tantamount. Whether it be scientific management in companies using technology to streamline functions and enhance productivity, major infrastructure projects to improve the roads and transport systems, computer and IT science to enhance communication throughout the land or pharmaceutical science to provide medicine to people and improve the quality of life, science and technology plays a large role.
To acquire a role in science and technology a college education is required. For engineers, when they begin three degree the foundations in the first few years cover a variety of subjects and from there an engineer will specialise. Following the completion of their degree, they will normally take on an internship or traineeship to learn the practical aspects of their craft and from there will take on more responsibility, eventually spearheading larger projects. The same goes for those in computer science and IT, and all other science technology roles.
There is also an availability of roles in an administrative function in science and technology such as administrative assistants and IT assistants which both require excellent computer skills. Also involved in science and technology are roles in sales, which do not necessarily require any formal education but more product knowledge, excellent communication skills and an ability to work in a target driven environment. From a marketing and public relations perspective, college education and communication skills are also vital.
There are no end to the opportunities in science and technology, especially in multinational companies which are setting up in Myanmar.
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